Investment needed to change attitudes towards consent and rape Saturday, November 17, - This case offers an opportunity to re-evaluate our attitudes towards consent and rape, writes Susan Leahy. Counsel for man acquitted of rape suggested jurors should reflect on underwear worn by teen complainant Prior to this story, one might safely have assumed that such direct efforts to unfairly discredit complainants were a thing of the past; that, in modern Irish society, no-one would countenance the idea that what one was wearing might be indicative of consent to sexual activity. The protests and negative commentary surrounding this case demonstrate a swell of support for this complainant, and for better treatment for rape complainants generally, clearly illustrating that such blatant attempts to victim-blame are unacceptable.
Bases[ edit ] There are three bases for attitude change: These three processes represent the different levels of attitude change. The card on the left has the reference line and the one on the right shows the three comparison lines. The individual does not necessarily experience changes in beliefs or evaluations of an attitude object, but rather is influenced by the social outcomes of adopting a change in behavior.
Compliance was demonstrated through a series of laboratory experiments known as the Asch experiments. Experiments led by Solomon Asch of Swarthmore College asked groups of students to participate in a "vision test".
Participants were asked to pick, out of three line options, the line that is the same length as a sample and were asked to give the answer out loud. Unbeknown to the participants, Asch had placed a number of confederates to deliberately give the wrong answer before the participant. The likelihood of compliance dropped with minority opposition, even if only one confederate gave the correct answer.
The basis for compliance is founded on the fundamental idea that people want to be accurate and right. In this case, the individual adopts the new attitude, not due to the specific content of the attitude object, but because it is associated with the desired relationship. Therefore, behaviors adopted through internalization are due to the content of the attitude object.
Emotion-based[ edit ] Emotion plays a major role in persuasionsocial influenceand attitude change.
Much of attitude research has emphasised the importance of affective or emotion components. Emotional appeals are commonly found in advertising, health campaigns and political messages.
Recent examples include no-smoking health campaigns see tobacco advertising and political campaigns emphasizing the fear of terrorism. Attitude change based on emotions can be seen vividly in serial killers who are faced with major stress.
A new attitude e. It is difficult to measure attitude change since attitudes may only be inferred and there might be significant divergence between those publicly declared and privately held. For example, if a person is not self-efficacious about their ability to impact the global environment, they are not likely to change their attitude or behaviour about global warming.
Affective forecastingotherwise known as intuition or the prediction of emotion, also impacts attitude change. Research suggests that predicting emotions is an important component of decision making, in addition to the cognitive processes.
In terms of research methodologythe challenge for researchers is measuring emotion and subsequent impacts on attitude. Since we cannot see into the brain, various models and measurement tools have been constructed to obtain emotion and attitude information.
Measures may include the use of physiological cues like facial expressions, vocal changes, and other body rate measures. These include the heuristic-systematic model of information processing and the elaboration likelihood model.
Heuristic-systematic model of information processing[ edit ] Main article: Heuristic-systematic model of information processing The heuristic-systematic model of information processing describes two depths in the processing of attitude change, systematic processing and heuristic processing.
In this model  information is either processed in a high-involvement and high-effort systematic way, or information is processed through shortcuts known as heuristics.
For example, emotions are affect-based heuristics, in which feelings and gut-feeling reactions are often used as shortcuts. Systematic processing[ edit ] Systematic processing occurs when individuals are motivated and have high cognition to process a message.
Motivation can be determined by many factors, such as how personally relevant the topic is, and cognitive ability can be determined by how knowledgeable an individual is on the message topic, or whether or not there is a distraction in the room.
Individuals who receive a message through systematic processing usually internalize the message, resulting in a longer and more stable attitude change.Ch.7 Attitudes and Attitude Change.
STUDY. PLAY. Attitudes. Evaluations of people, objects, and ideas; they determine what we do. Where Do Attitudes Come From? Linked to genes.
An indirect function of our genetic makeup. Measured attitudes towards obese people. People can often have different attitudes toward the same thing.
The pace of organizational change has accelerated.
While the tools for communicating and managing change have improved, the people side remains a challenge. How Employee Attitudes Toward Change Affect Change Management. June 23, | United States | By Employees’ attitudes toward change relate to their attitudes toward their.
We work with partners to promote the inclusion of children with disabilities into society by stimulating changes in attitudes and practices of the general public and service providers toward .
Attitudes are associated beliefs and behaviors towards some object. They are not stable, and because of the communication and behavior of other people, are subject to change by social influences, as well as by the individual's motivation to maintain cognitive consistency when cognitive dissonance occurs—when two attitudes or attitude and behavior conflict.
Attitudes towards organizational change What is the role of employees stress and commitment? Maria Vakola and Ioannis Nikolaou Athens University of Economics and Business, Athens, Greece.
May 12, · Changing Attitudes on Gay Marriage. Public opinion on same-sex marriage. Attitudes on same-sex marriage by generation. The increase in the share of adults who favor same-sex marriage is due in part to generational change. Younger generations express .