Anti-Semitism is discrimination and hatred towards Jews. Anti-Semitism has occurred throughout Europe at different times in history. There was historical precedence for the Holocaust in pogroms.
German-occupied EuropeConcentration and extermination camps, and ghettos. Territories of the Axis Powers are in olive green. The logistics of the mass murder turned the country into what Michael Berenbaum called "a genocidal state". Bureaucrats identified who was a Jew, confiscated property, and scheduled trains that deported Jews.
Companies fired Jews and later employed them as slave labour. Universities dismissed Jewish faculty and students. German pharmaceutical companies tested drugs on camp prisoners; other companies built the crematoria. The killings were systematically conducted in virtually all areas of occupied Europe —more than 20 occupied countries.
Hundreds of thousands more died in the rest of Europe. They included the head of the German Red Cross, tenured professors, clinic directors, and biomedical researchers. Some dealt with sterilization of men and women, the treatment of war wounds, ways to counteract chemical weapons, research into new vaccines and drugs, and the survival of harsh conditions.
One of Mengele's assistants said in that he was told to send organs of interest to the directors of the "Anthropological Institute in Berlin-Dahlem". History of the Jews in GermanyChristianity and antisemitismMartin Luther and antisemitismReligious antisemitismand Racial antisemitism Throughout the Middle Ages in Europe, Jews were subjected to antisemitism based on Christian theology, which blamed them for killing Jesus.
Even after the ReformationCatholicism and Lutheranism continued to persecute Jews, accusing them of blood libels and subjecting them to pogroms and expulsions.
The movement embraced a pseudo-scientific racism that viewed Jews as a race whose members were locked in mortal combat with the Aryan race for world domination. This did not mean that antisemitism had disappeared; instead it was incorporated into the platforms of several mainstream political parties.
Many Germans did not accept that their country had been defeated, which gave birth to the stab-in-the-back myth. This insinuated that it was disloyal politicians, chiefly Jews and communists, who had orchestrated Germany's surrender.
Inflaming the anti-Jewish sentiment was the apparent over-representation of Jews in the leadership of communist revolutionary governments in Europe, such as Ernst Tollerhead of a short-lived revolutionary government in Bavaria.
This perception contributed to the canard of Jewish Bolshevism.
Rosenberg's vision of a secretive Jewish conspiracy ruling the world would influence Hitler's views of Jews by making them the driving force behind communism. Open about his hatred of Jews, he subscribed to the common antisemitic stereotypes.
He viewed Marxism as a Jewish doctrine, said he was fighting against " Jewish Marxism ", and believed that Jews had created communism as part of a conspiracy to destroy Germany.
Don't buy from Jews. Enemies were divided into three groups: The latter two groups were to be sent to concentration camps for "re-education", with the aim of eventual absorption into the Volksgemeinschaft.
Jews were not allowed to own farms. Works by Jewish composers,  authors, and artists were excluded from publications, performances, and exhibitions. Fellow citizen, that is your money too. The courts reached a decision in 64, of those cases; 56, were in favor of sterilization.
In addition there were specialized killing centres, where the deaths were estimated at 20, according to Georg Renno, the deputy director of Schloss Hartheimone of the "euthanasia" centers, or , according to Frank Zeireis, the commandant of the Mauthausen concentration camp.
Eberhard Karl University received 1, bodies from executions between and The neuroscientist Julius Hallervorden received brains from one hospital between and Where they came from and how they came to me was really none of my business.
They were put on a flight to Warsaw. The former said that only those of "German or kindred blood" could be citizens.
Anyone with three or more Jewish grandparents was classified as a Jew. He was expelled from the Kaiser Wilhelm Society and the Prussian Academy of Sciencesand his citizenship was revoked. Austrian Nazis broke into Jewish shops, stole from Jewish homes and businesses, and forced Jews to perform humiliating acts such as scrubbing the streets or cleaning toilets.
AboutAustrian Jews had left the country by Mayincluding Sigmund Freud and his family. Kristallnacht The synagogue in Siegen burning, 10 November During my time, I've found no scholarship on the specific killings of Freemasons unless they were also Jewish.
I've also found that many Freemasons, especially those in Germany and France, left the craft in order to become rank and file members of their respective governments.
Oct 14, · Watch video · During the summer of , even as the events of D-Day (June 6, ) and a Soviet offensive the same month spelled the beginning of the end for Germany in the war, a large proportion of Hungary.
Blacks during the Holocaust Era Although the Nazis did not have an organized program to eliminate African Germans, many of them were persecuted, as were other people of African descent.
Some blacks in Germany and German-occupied territories were isolated; an unknown number were sterilized, incarcerated or murdered. Over half of these individuals, approximately , Jews, emigrated during the first six years of the Nazi dictatorship, leaving only approximately , Jews in .
An emaciated year-old Russian girl looks into the camera lens during the liberation of Dachau concentration camp in Dachau was the .
The Holocaust was the state-sponsored murder and persecution of Jews in Germany when Hitler came into power in Hitler and his supporters believed that Germans were a superior race to the Jews and that the Jews posed a .